1.The Forbidden Apple New York used to be the city that never sleeps. These days it’s the city that never smokes, drinks or does anything naughty(at least, not in public). The Big Apple is quickly turning into the Forbidden Apple. If you wanted a glass of wine with your picnic in Central Park, could you have one? No chance.Drinking alcohol in public isn’t allowed. If you decided to feed the birds with the last crumbs of your sandwich, you could be arrested. It’s illegal. If you went to a par for a drink and a cigarette, that would be OK, wouldn’t it? Er...no. You can’t smoke in public in New York City. What's going on? Why is the city that used to be so open-minded becoming like this?The mayor of New York is behind it all. He has brought in a whole lot of new laws to stop citizens from doing what they want, when they want. The press are shocked. Even the New York police have joined the argument. They recently spent $100,000 on a “Don’t blame the cop”campaign. One New York police officer said, “We raise money for the city by giving people fines for breaking some very stupid laws.It"s all about money.” The result is a lot of fines for minor offences. Yoav Kashida, an Israel tourist, fell asleep on the subway. When he woke up, two police officers fined him because he had fallen asleep on two seats( you mustn’t use two seats in the subway ). Elle and Serge Schroitman were fined for blocking a driveway with their car. It was their own driveway. The angry editor of Vanity Fair magazine, Graydon Carter, "says. Under New York City law it is acceptable to keep a gun in your place of work, but not an empty ashtray. "He should know. The police came to his office and took away his ashtray. But not all of New York’s inhabitants are complaining. Marcia Dugarry, 72, said, "The city has changed for the better. If more cities had these laws. America would be a better place to live. "Nixon Patrick. 38, a barman, said, "I like the new laws. If people smoked in here.we’d go home smelling of cigarettes." Recent figures show that New York now has fewer crimes per 100, 000 people than 193other US cities. And it’s true—it’s safer, cleaner and more healthy than before. But let’s be honest—who goes to New York for its clean streets?
1.The World Cup This summer’s World Cup competition will see teams competing to play the world’s best football. But the football they play will not all be of the same kind. The fans expect different styles of play from Brazil, Germany, or Italy. What makes Brazilian football Brazilian? Our style of playing football contrasts with the Europeans because of a combination of qualities of surprise, accuracy and good judgment. This style has won Brazil five world cups. Yet many Brazilian fans only count four of these victories. In 1994, the team abandoned this style for modern, scientific training and tactics.The team won the cup, but in a boring way. The Italians think differently. "To many Italians, the score 0-0 has a glorious quality suggesting perfection, "says the British football writer Simon Kuper. In the Italian culture the idea of face is very important. This is why Italian teams are traditionally built around strong defences. The Dutch footballer Johan Cruyff once said that Italian teams never exactly beat you. It’s just that you often lose to them. In Holland, there is a tradition of decision making through argument and discussion. It is a society where everybody is expected to have a point of view. "Every Dutch player wants to control the game, "says Arnold Muhren. "You play football with your brains and not your feet." "A Dutch player argues," says Simon Kuper. " An English player obeys his superior. He is a soldier. " The qualities valued in English football are military—strength, aggression and courage. This can make for exciting football. But it also means that the English find it difficult to use skillful players. David Beckham is usually criticized for his failure to defend—despite the fact that he is an attacker. If the English like to fight. the Germans like to win. In recent years, Germany has tried to change its image as a country of ruthless efficiency and a desire for victory at all costs. But Germans are quite happy for these qualities to remain in their national football team. "Foot-ball is a simple game," Gary Lineker once said. "You kick a ball about for ninety minutes and in the end the Germans win." It"s difficult to predict who will win this year’s World Cup. There is no strong favorite.But a look at the track record of previous winners shows that it is the nations with the strongest national characteristics in the football that perform best. It seems that you need to know where you come from if you want to get to the top.
1.Things to know about the U. K. From Buckingham Palace to Oxford, the U. K. is loaded with wonderful icons of past eras. But it has also modernized with confidence. It"s now better known for vibrant cities with great nightlife and attraction. Fashions, fine dining, clubbing, shopping——the U. K. is among the world’s best. Most people have strong preconceptions about the British. But if you"re one of these people,you’d be wise to abandon those ideas. Vistit a nightclub in one of the big cities，a football match ,or a good local pub and you might more readily describe the English people as humorous and hospitable. It"s certainly true that no other country in the world has more birdwatchres, sports supporters, pet owners and gardeners than the U. K. Getting around England is pretty easy. Budget airlines like EasyJET and Rynnair f1y domestically. Trains can deliver you very efficiently from one major city to another. Long distance express buses are called coaches. Where coaches and buses run on the same route, coaches are more expensive (though quicker) than buses. London’s famous black cabs are excellent but expensive. Minicabs are cheaper competitors, with freelance drivers. But usually you need to give a call first. London"s underground is called the Tube. It"s very convenient and can get you to almost any part of the city. The U. K. is not famous for its food. But you still need to know some of the traditional English foods. The most famous must be fish and chips. The fish and chips are deep fried in f1our. English breakfast is something you need to try. It is fried bacon,sausages,fried eggs, black pudding,fried tomatoes,fried bread and baked beans,with toast and a pot of tea. Other things like shepherd"s pie and Yorkshire pudding are also well-known as a part of English food culture. Pubbing and c1ubbing are the main forms of English nightlife，especially for the young. Pubbing means going to a pub with friends, having drinks, and chatting. Clubbing is different from pubbing and includes going to a pub,or a place of music,or a bar,or any other places to gather with friends. Clubbing can be found everywhere. Usually there is some kind of dress code for c1ubbing,such as no jeans,no sportswear,or smart clubwear,while pubbing is much more casual.
1.Work Is a Blessing I grew up in Lakeland, LA,one of 12 children, We all lived on my parents’ subsistence farm, We grew cotton, sugar cane, corn, hogs, and chickens and had a large garden, but it didn’t bring in much cash.____26___ We milked 65 cows at 5 in the morning and again at 2 in the afternoon, seven days a week. In the kitchen one Saturday before daylight, I remember complaining to my father and grandfather about having to go mile those cows. ____27____ I looked at those two men who had worked harder than I ever had—my father eking out a living on that farm and my grandfather farming and working as a carpenter during the Depression. _____28____ Going to college was a rare privilege for a kid from Lakeland. My father told me if I picked something to study that I liked doing,I’d always look forward to my work. But he also added,“Even having a job you hate is better than not having a job at all.”____29___And what started out as an obligation to the Army became a way of life that I stayed committed to for 37 years,three months and three days. In the late 1980s,during a visit to Bangladesh,I saw a woman with a baby on her back, breaking bricks with a hammer. I asked a Bangladesh military escort why they weren’t using a machine,which would have been a lot easier. He told me a machine would put that lady out of work. ____30___ And as bad as that woman’s job was it was enough to keep a small family alive. It reminded me of my father’s words: To work is a blessing.
A.Breaking those bricks meant she could earn enough money to feed herself and her baby that day.
B.I had a feeling I had been told something really important, but it took many years before it sank in
C.So when I was 12,1 got a part-time job on a dairy farm down the road, helping to milk cows.
D.I wanted to be a farmer, but I joined the ROTC program to help pay for college.
E.My father said,"Ya know,boy,to work is a blessing."
F.I don"t think I will ever quit working.
1.The Difference between Man and Computer What makes people different from computer programs? What is the missing element that our theories don’t yet ____31___ for? The answer is simple：people read newspaper stories for a reason：to learn more about what they are interested in. Computers,on the other hand, don’t. In fact, computers don’t ____32_____ have interests; there is nothing in particular that they are trying to find out when they read. If a computer ____33____ is to be a model of story under- standing,it should also read for a "purpose". Of course,people have several goals that do not make ____34___ to attribute to computers. One might read a restaurant guide in order to satisfy hunger or entertainment goals, or to _____35____a good place to go for a business lunch. Computers do not get hungry,and computers do not have business lunches. However, these physiolgical and social goals give ______36____ to several intellectual or cognitive goals. A goal to satisfy hunger gives rise to goals to find information about the name of a restaurant which _____37_____ the desired type of food, how expensive the restaurant is, the location of the restaurant, etc. These are goals to ___38_____ information or knowledge, what we are calling learning goals. These goals can be held by computers too;a computer _____39____ "want" to find out the location of a restaurant, and read a guide in order to do so in the same way as a person might. While such a goal would not _____40____ out of hunger in the case of the computer, it might well arise out of the "goal" to learn more about restaurants.
1.Tweenager Have you heard of the term"tweenager"? It"s a new word being ___1____( use) in the UK to describe children at about 10-12 years old. Why are the media suddenly referring to kids in this way? Well, more and more companies are _____2____ (begin )to create products and services for tweenagers, The Disney company sells the Hannah Montana television show, music, films and products to tweenagers and their parents. You can get everything from ___3____ (brand) lunch boxes and cellphones to fan magazines and clothing. The High School ____4____ (music)series of films is also intended for the tweenage audience. So, it"s all about sales, which ___5____(tell) us tweenagers must have more money, ___6___ (free) and influence upon their parents than they have ever had before. Most children in the UK today get ___7____(much) pocket money than the kids did a decade ago. In spite of the credit trouble, parents have more money to give than ____8____(previous), since parents are having fewer children on average than in the past. In addition, divorce rate in the UK is continually rising and the parents spend __9___(little)time with their children than they used to. So, many parents are under constant pressure from commercial____10____ (market) and the requests of their children.
1.随着现代人休闲时间的增多，旅游度假成为人们休闲娱乐的主要方式。请结合下列表格, 以How People Spent Their Holidays为题，写一篇150词左右的英语短文，谈谈你的看法。