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中國新疆好地方

駐尼日利亞大使周平劍在《人民報》發表署名文章

2019年7月26日

新疆是中國五個少數民族自治區之一,占全國國土總面積六分之一,常住人口約2500萬。

7月21日,中國國務院新聞辦公室發表《新疆的若干歷史問題》白皮書,從歷史、宗教、民族、文化等角度,明確闡述新疆是中國領土不可分割的一部分,新疆各民族、各文化是中華名族、中華文化的組成部分。尼日利亞擁有超過250個民族,是非洲人口最多的國家,同樣中國也是統一的多民族、多宗教國家。

一段時間以來,一些西方政客、媒體不斷攻擊中國政府對新疆的治理,誣稱新疆出現“大規模侵犯人權”的“集中營”,這完全是聳人聽聞、惡意捏造。

三個月前,我第四次前往新疆,一周時間里實地參訪當地的教培中心,與教師、學員和學員家屬當面交流。我參觀了教室、宿舍、食堂、運動場,到處窗明幾凈,學員歡聲笑語。學員們的國語水平和法律意識明顯增強。進行縫紉、美發、電子商務等實訓的學員動作嫻熟,樂在其中。學員對未來充滿信心,家屬也感到欣慰。

許多參訪過教培中心的外國朋友都說,他們看到的是勤奮的學員們和快樂的校園,所謂“集中營”指控不攻自破。6月18日至21日,15個國家和組織常駐日內瓦代表和主要外交官參觀訪問新疆,與社區群眾、農民、教師、學生等面對面交流。尼日利亞常駐日內瓦代表卡迪里大使說:“我之前看過一些媒體對新疆職業技能教育培訓中心的負面報道,和我今天親眼看到的事實完全不同,他們的報道是虛假的。建立職業技能教育培訓中心是中國反恐工作的一種新嘗試,這種嘗試非常好。”7月12日,包含尼日利亞在內37個國家常駐日內瓦大使聯名致函聯合國人權理事會主席和人權高專,積極評價中國新疆人權事業發展成就和反恐、去極端化成果,支持中國在涉疆問題上的立場。我們對尼方朋友的支持表示贊賞和感謝。

今年是中華人民共和國成立70周年。70年來中國發生歷史性變化,人權事業取得歷史性進步。中國已成為世界第二大經濟體,去年國內生產總值突破13.6萬億美元,形成了世界上最大規模的中等收入群體,連續多年對世界經濟增長貢獻率超過30%。過去40年我們減少了7.4億貧困人口,近14億中國人不愁吃不愁穿,到2020年將實現一個不落的全面脫貧,創造人類發展和減貧史上新的偉大奇跡。這是最大的人權工程,最好的人權故事,也是中國對世界人權事業的最重要貢獻。

至于新疆正在發生什么變化?我想從四個方面與尼方朋友分享真實故事:

第一、新疆經濟發展取得巨大進步。70年來,特別是1978年以來,新疆經濟持續平穩高質量發展,2018年地區生產總值近2000億美元。各族人民生活水平大幅提高,城鎮、農村居民人均可支配收入分別超過4800美元和1700美元。以就業、教育、醫療、社保等為重點的惠民工程持續推進。2014年至2018年,全疆累計實現230萬人脫貧,貧困發生率由19.4%下降至6.1%。今明兩年將實現81.71萬人脫貧,確保到2020年現行標準下的農村貧困人口全部脫貧、消除絕對貧困,與全國同步全面建成小康社會??忌綣倫約捍砉際員奔浜涂際允奔淶幕?,可以 免費預約短信提醒,屆時會以短信的方式提醒大家報名和考試時間。

第二、新疆仍面臨嚴峻反恐挑戰。雖然新疆各項事業持續發展進步,但也面臨嚴峻挑戰。上世紀90年代以來,境內外“三股勢力”在新疆策劃實施了數千起暴力恐怖事件。我今年四月在烏魯木齊參觀新疆暴恐案例展,展出的大量暴恐圖片和視頻觸目驚心,暴恐行徑慘無人道、令人發指。與此同時,宗教極端思想泛濫,也日益助長了恐怖主義。自治區政府依法采取系列措施,既重拳打擊暴恐犯罪,又積極探索預防性反恐和去極端化舉措,包括建立職業技能教育培訓中心,卓有成效,深得人心。

第三、新疆的教培中心實際上是寄宿學校,而非別有用心者所說的“集中營”。教培中心本質上是一種預防性反恐,是防患于未然,防病于未病和小病,旨在最大限度教育挽救那些受極端思想感染、有輕微違法犯罪行為的人員,避免其成為恐怖主義和極端主義的受害者和犧牲品。學員通過“三學一去”,即學國家通用語言、法律知識和職業技能,實現去極端化目標。學員可以定期回家,有事隨時請假,親屬可以來訪,還可以視頻電話交流。學員達到結業標準后,由學校和政府推薦就業或自主創業等。教培中心免費提供食宿,依法保障學員各項基本權利,滿足學員學習、生活、娛樂等需求??怪耙導寄芙逃嘌倒ぷ魘切陸諤厥饈逼誆扇〉奶厥庾齜?,隨著反恐形勢好轉,教培中心的規?;嶂鴆剿跣?,直至結束。

第四、新疆是個自由、安全的地方。新疆采取多種措施?;す褡誚絳叛鱟雜?、保障各族人民文化權利和使用本民族語言文字的權利。新疆有清真寺、教堂、寺院、道觀等宗教活動場所2.48萬座,有宗教教職人員2.93萬人,設有伊斯蘭教經學院等10所宗教院校,平均每530位穆斯林就有一座清真寺。少數民族優秀傳統文化得到?;ず禿胙?,維吾爾木卡姆藝術、柯爾克孜史詩《瑪納斯》列入“人類非物質文化遺產代表作名錄”。民族語言文字在司法、行政、教育、新聞出版、廣播電視、互聯網、社會公共事務等領域廣泛使用。婦女、兒童、老年人和殘疾人權利得到充分尊重和依法?;?。新疆穩定紅利持續釋放,已連續超過30個月沒有發生暴恐事件,去年共接待1.5億人次旅游,預計今年有望達2億人次。一個有近2億人次進出的地方,能說不安全、不自由嗎?

在人權問題上,沒有最好,只有更好。我們將繼續全方位推進中國人權事業發展,不斷滿足人民對美好生活的需求和向往,繼續攜手各國共同在世界范圍內促進和?;と巳?,助力構建人類命運共同體。

“鞋子合不合腳,自己穿了才知道”。在中國新疆問題上,最有發言權的是新疆各族人民。我們誠摯歡迎尼方朋友到新疆實地考察,感受一個美麗、真實、好客的新疆,一個好地方。

Xinjiang, a Good Place in China

Signed Article by Ambassador Zhou Pingjian on the Peoples Daily Newspaper

26 July 2019

Xinjiang is one of the five ethnic autonomous regions in China which covers an area of about one sixth of the entire country with a population of 25 million.

On July 21, The State Council Information Office of China published a white paper on historical matters concerning Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwest China. From historic, religious, ethnic and cultural perspectives, the white paper clearly explains that Xinjiang has long been an inseparable part of Chinese territory as well as its ethnic groups and cultures. Similar to Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa with over 250 ethnic groups, China is also a united multi-ethnic nation founded jointly by the people of all its ethnic groups as well as different religious beliefs.

For some time, some politicians and media in the western countries continuously attacked China’s policy in Xinjiang, falsely claiming that a large number of “concentration camps” violating human rights have been established there. Nothing could be further from the truth.

Three month ago, I spent a whole week in Xinjiang and travelled across the region. That was my fourth trip to Xinjiang. I had face-to-face communication with teachers, the trainees and their families in some training centers. I also visited classrooms, dormitories, canteens and sports fields. Everywhere I went, I was impressed by the brightness, cleanness as well as happiness and cheerful voices from the trainees. The level of the national common language and legal awareness of all trainees have been greatly enhanced. The trainees who have practiced sewing, hairdressing and e-commerce are very skilled, and they enjoy it. They become more and more confidence in their future and their families are also gratified.

Many foreign friends who have visited the training centers said that what they saw were diligent students and happy campus, and the so-called accusation of “concentration camps” fell apart. From June 18 to 21, diplomats and representatives based in Geneva from 14 countries and an organization visited Xinjiang and interacted extensively with local residents, farmers, teachers and students in various places across the region. Among them, Nigerian Ambassador Audu Ayinla Kadiri said what he saw was entirely different from some negative media reports on the vocational education and training centers. On July 12, Ambassadors of 37 countries including Nigeria and many members from Organization of Islamic Cooperation sent a joint letter to the President of the UN Human Rights Council and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to show their support for China on its “remarkable achievements in the field of human rights”. We highly appreciate the support from our Nigerian friends.

This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. The past seven decades have witnessed a great transformation in China and historic progress never seen before in the country’s human rights development. China has grown into the second largest economy in the world, with its GDP surpassing 13.6 trillion U.S. dollars in 2018. It now boasts the world’s largest middle income population and has contributed to over 30% of global growth for many years in a row. Over the past 40 years, China has lifted over 740 million people out of poverty and met the basic needs of nearly 1.4 billion people. And by 2020, we will achieve comprehensive poverty eradication with no one left behind. It is fair to say that China has made a new great achievement in the history of the development and in the history of poverty reduction of the world. This is the largest human rights project, the best human rights story, and also the most important contribution of China to the cause of human rights of the world.

As for what is really happening in Xinjiang, I would like to share the true story from four aspects with Nigerian friends:

Firstly, Xinjiang is enjoying prominent economic development. Over the past 70 years, especially since 1978, Xinjiang has witnessed sustained and steady high-quality economic development, with its GDP for 2018 exceeding nearly 200 billion U.S. dollars. People’s living standard has greatly improved, with urban and rural residents’ per capita disposable income reaching respectively over 4,800 and 1,700 U.S. dollars. Public-interest projects regarding employment, education, medical services and social security have been moved forward. From 2014 to 2018, a total of 2.3 million people in Xinjiang were lifted out of poverty, with the poverty headcount ratio dropping from 19.4 percent to 6.1 percent. From 2019 to 2020, 817,100 people will shake off poverty. By 2020, all rural residents living below the current poverty line will be lifted out of poverty, absolute poverty will be eradicated as Xinjiang keeps pace with the rest of China in finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

Secondly, Xinjiang is still facing severe challenges of anti-terrorism. Despite the progress Xinjiang has made in various undertakings, Xinjiang is also confronted with challenges. Since the 1990s, the “three forces” of terrorism, separatism and extremism inside and outside China have orchestrated and executed thousands of violent terrorist attacks in Xinjiang. The Exhibition on Major Incidents of Violent Terrorist Attacks in Xinjiang, which I viewed with great shock in late April this year, presents a large number of pictures and video footage about the appallingly cruel acts against humanity committed by violent terrorists. At the same time, the spread of religious extremist thoughts had stoked the terrorist rampage. The government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has taken a series of measures according to law to crack down on violent terrorist crimes on the one hand and actively explored preventive anti-terrorism and deradicalization measures on the other, including setting up vocational education and training centers. These efforts have been effective and won the sincere support of the people.

Thirdly, Xinjiang’s training centers are not “camps” but “campus”. There is no difference between a training center and a boarding school. The vocational education and training program is preventive counter-terrorism in nature and a precautionary step to prevent a disease or treat it in its early stages, as we do in traditional Chinese medicine. It aims to educate and rehabilitate to the greatest extent possible the individuals who have been influenced by extremist ideologies and committed minor offenses, so that they will not be victimized by and fall prey to terrorism and extremism. Courses on the national common language, legal knowledge and vocational skills help the trainees deradicalize themselves. The trainees can go home regularly, ask for a leave when needed, make phone or video calls to their family, and their family can come to the training centers to visit them. Upon completion of the courses, the trainees will be recommended for employment or self-employment by the school and the government. The training centers provide free accommodations and safeguard all basic rights of the trainees in accordance with the law to meet their needs in study, life and entertainment. I must point out that the vocational education and training program is a special measure adopted by Xinjiang at a special time. We will continue to improve the work of the training centers. As the counter-terrorism situation improves, the training program will be gradually downsized, leading to its completion.

Fourthly, Xinjiang is a place with freedom and safety. Xinjiang has taken a host of measures to protect citizens’ freedom of religious belief and safeguard their cultural rights and the right of all ethnic groups to use their own ethnic languages. There are 24,800 mosques, churches, Buddhist temples, Taoist temples and other religious venues, 29,300 clerical staff, and 10 religious schools such as the Xinjiang Islamic Institute. For every 530 muslims in Xinjiang, there is a mosques. Fine traditional cultures of ethnic minorities are protected and developed. The Uygur Muqam art and Kirgiz epic Manas have been listed as Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. Ethnic minority languages are widely used in judicature, administration, education, press and publication, radio and television, the internet and social public affairs. The rights of women, children, the aged and people with disabilities are fully respected and protected by law. The stability dividend has continued to benefit Xinjiang. No case of violent terrorism has occurred for over 30 months in a row. A total of 150 million tourists visited Xinjiang last year, and this year the figure is expected to reach 200 million. Is it fair to label a place that receives nearly 200 million visitors a year as unsafe and not free?

When it comes to human rights, no one can claim perfection. So making progress is all important. We will continue to advance human rights development in China in an all-round way to meet people’s needs and aspiration for a better life, and join hands with other countries to promote and protect human rights around the world, with a view to advancing the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

Only a shoe’s wearer knows if it fits. The best-qualified to speak on Xinjiang are the Xinjiang people of all ethnic groups. We sincerely welcome Nigerian friends to make field visits to Xinjiang, and see for yourselves a beautiful, true and hospitable Xinjiang, a good place in north-western China.

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